Municipal Profile

Socio Economic Profile

  • LOCATION
    • The town of Candelaria, a third class municipality, is the second northernmost town in the province of Zambales and is approximately 42 kilometers from the capital town of Iba and is approximately 250 kilometeres from Manila. It is nestled at the foot of the Zambales Range in the East and lying along the coast of the South China Sea in the West. It is the third largest town in terms of land area in the entire province of Zambales.
  • STATUS of LAND USE
    • Out of 33,359.1896 hectares total land area of Candelaria, There are 27,317.2871 or 81.88% are forested and rolling hills . An estimated of 2,523.67 are effective rice lands. 1,894.67 are irrigated and 629 are non-irrigated or rain-fed farms. Inter-cropping of vegetables and root crops are done on a seasonal basis. There are 654.06 hectares under cultivation with mangoes, coconuts, fruit trees, calamansi, sugar, gabi, ubi and arrow roots. Around 4,742.83 hectares are classifies as residential land, and open spaces are available for industrial sites and for other commercial purposes.
  • POLITICAL SUBDIVISION
    • The municipality is politically subdivided into 16 Barangays including the Poblacion proper. Seven (7) barangays are strategically located along the National Road and the rest are either along the shoreline or nestle at the foor of the Zambales Range in the eastern portion of the town, all accessible and linked to other by barangay road network.
  • BRGY. ROADS, BRIDGES & HI-WAYS
    • A total length of 94.80958 kilometer of barangay roads with an average 8m width, have been constructed from 1978 to date by the national, provincial and the local government, consisting of 16.07026 kilometers of concrete roads, 22.83286 kilometers of asphalt roads, 41.79808 kilometer made of travel and 21.20838 kilometer on earth roads. Besides of existing barangay roads, these are being maintained and improved by the Provincial Government. The town is traversed by a well-paved provincial road that passes through the center of the town and the national highway that passes through Eastern part of Poblacion.Bridges are constructed by the national and provincial government. The first concrete one is the Lauis Bridge (now Marcos Bridge) completed in 1975, the Yamot Bridge, San Vicente and Uacon Bridge were completed sometime in 1982. Barrio bridges are most timber-made constructed from provincial funds like the one at Binabalian, Libertador, Tapsos, Malimanga, Sinabacan and Pinagrealan. To date, atotal of 770.79 l.m. of bridges were constructed consisting of 658.6 l.m. which are permanent in nature and 112.19 l.m. that are temporary in nature.
  • TOPOGRAPHY
    • The terrain of the Municipality is almost ¼ flat lands. Around ¾ of the land areas are rolling hills, rugged and mountainous. Along both sides of the National High Way are extensive flat level lenads suitable for agriculture, and 11% of its total area covers residential, commercial and industrial lands.
  • CLIMATE
    • There are two (2) pronounced seasons, dry season from December to April and wet season from May up to November. The mountain range in the east shelters the town from strong monsoon winds and typhoons coming from Central Luzon, and is exposed openly to southwest monsoon and cyclonic typhoons during district periods in the year. Average annual rainfall is 150 inches and the average temperature is 80 degree Fahrenheit in April and May of each year.
  • ETHNIC GROUPS
    • There are no ethnic groups that can be considered a native of this town but some Aetas from the Municipality of Botolan do visits this town from time to time.
  • MOTHER TONGUE
    • The major dialect in Candelaria is Zambal, being located in a Zambal-speaking province, and about 90% of its populace has Zambales as their mother tongue. The Zambales speaking population has gradually speaking other major tongues. Other dialects that have found their way in the municipality of Tagalog which is considered as their second mother tongue, Ilocano, Pangalatoc, Bicol, Waray, Cebuano, Kapampangan and other dialects.
  • RESOURCES
    • Population – The 2010 National Census shows that Candelaria has a total population of 25,020 as compared to 23,394 in 2000 making an increase of 1,626 during the last ten years. As of year 2013, Candelaria has a total population of 26,864. It is projected that by year 2020, population would mean reach 32,994 bases on the data gathered by the Rural Health Unit of Candelaria.
    • Labor Force -The labor force based on 2005 records is 10,231 representing 15 years old and above of the population. From the total, 9,054 belong to the economically active group. The number of employed labor is 33.69%. This labor force finds employment n agriculture, industry, manufacturing, mining and services both in the government and private sectors. Agriculture has the Lion’s share of the total labor force numbering 1,242 followed by services with a total of 611 and 1,563 in industry, manufacturing and mining.
  • AGRICULTURE
    • There are 1,651 active and full-time farmers engaged in farming in an arable area of 1,463.5 hectares of irrigated and non-irrigated (rain-fed_ areas devoted to rice planting. A total of 1,044 hectares is irrigated by communal irrigation and by power and 419.5 is rain-fed or non-irrigated.
      Average production per record from the office of the Agriculture Services is 80 cavans per hectares; consumption is 58,460 cavans giving a consumption rate per person of 117 kilograms a year.
      Some 53,496 hectares of arable lands are planted with mangoes, coconuts, citrus, sugarcane root crops and vegetables.
      Next to farming is fishing as the main source of livelihood with total force of 219 small fishermen.
      Unskilled labor total is 365. Most of these are engaged in mango smudging, lumbering, mining and farm labor which are seasonable and temporary.
      The professional sector has a total of 340 persons composed of Engineers, Dentists, Merchants, Chemists and Agriculturists, other professionals including the teaching profession with a total of 104 in the public elementary schools, and 34 in the secondary and collegiate levels.
  • LIVESTOCK & POULTRY
    • There are 14,750 and livestock population in the community as per latest survey conducted broken down as follows: 8,000 chickens, 1,500 pigs, 1,100 heads of carabaos, 1,700 cows, 200 ducks and 2,100 goats.
  • TRADE AND COMMERCE
    • Latest inventory shows a total of 165 business/merchants engaged in various kinds of commercial activities from retail merchandising, in buying and selling of various merchandise and commodities with a total investment of Php. 1,648,677.30.
  • WATER RESOURCES
    • The entire municipality is traversed and crisis-crossed by several rivers and streams. Among the prominent are the Lauis River, Malabon and Balin Buaya River and the Uacon River and streams and creeks, Yamot Creek and the Tambobong River. There are three (3) inland lakes, the fresh water, Alindayat Lake in Yamot, the small salt Lake near the Poblacion, and the Salt Water Lake of Uacon River.
  • SOIL
    • The municipality has five (5) types of soil, Quigua silt loam along the southwestern portion, mountain soil undifferentiated in the eastern part of the town, La Paz Fine Sand Loam along the northeastern part of the town and Alaminos Clay in the northeastern portion. This rich variety of soil composition makes the town basically good for lowland and upland rice cultivation, and for vegetables, fruit trees, root crops and sugar cane planting.
  • TIMBER RESOURCES
    • Tanguili, Apitong, Yakal, Tindalo and Malipajo and other varieties are abundant in the communal and commercial forests of this town.
  • MINERAL RESOURCES
    • Mineral exploration and development have discovered that the town is rich with large deposits of chromites (refractory ore) copper, asbestos, jade and other non-metallic minerals such as sand and gravel, boulders and stones and white clay and guano are also found in Candelaria Mountains.
  • NON-MINERAL RESOURCES
    • Bamboo, bohos, rattan, cogon and nipa palms thrives abundantly in forested areas and even on flat lands. These local raw materials are the chief sources of shelter to most residents in the rural areas and if properly utilized, it would be a source of various products for home industries.
  • FISHERY and AQUATIC RESOURCES
    • Although the municipality is lavishly endowed with rich fishing grounds, said industry is not yet fully developed due to lack of fund to support the hundreds of fishermen dependent on this livelihood and proper education on modern fishing methods. Fishing methods are still antiquated and spite of the presence of around 45 motorized bancas, fish catch is still very small and could not even meet the needs of the entire population. It is estimated that around 500 hectares of swamplands and mangroves are suitable for fishponds development. Only 100 hectares of this area are being developed for such purposes and the remaining portion are still untapped for development and production program.
  • FLORA and FAUNA
    • The Candelaria Range in the East abounds with a variety of orchids, rattan, cogon and bamboos. Flowering and ornamental plants are found in the different barangays. Wild ducks, doves and quails are abundant and common in the fresh water lakes.
  • STATUS of LAND USE
    • Out of the 33,359.1896 hectares total land area of Candelaria, there are 27,317.29 or 81.9% as forested and rolling hills. An estimated of 1,463.5 are effective rice lands. 1,044 are irrigated and 629 are non-irrigated or rained-fed farms. The remaining portion consisting of 2.345 hectares are planted with season/root crops. There are 534.96 hectares under cultivation with mangoes, coconuts, fruit trees, calamansi, sugar and corn, vegetables and root crops, cassava and sweet potatoes, gabi, ubi and arrow root. Around 3,833.91 hectares are classified as residential lands, and open spaces are available for industrial sites and for other commercial purposes.
  • BARANGAY BOUNDARIES
    • The municipality is politically subdivided into 16 barangays including the Poblacion proper. Seven (7) barangay are strategically located along the National Road and the rest are either along the shoreline or nestle at the foot of the Zambales Range in the eastern portion of the town, all accessible and linked together by barangay road network.

Infrastructure and Utilities

  • BRGY. ROADS, BRIDGES & H-WAYS
    • A total length of 42 kilometer of barangay roads have been constructed from 1978 to date by the national government, besides old existing barangay roads, these are being maintained and improved by the Provincial Government. The town is traversed by a well-paved provincial road that passes through the center of the town and the national highway that passes through Eastern part of Poblacion.

      Bridges are constructed by the national and provincial government. The first concrete one is the Lauis Bridge (now Marcos Bridge) completed in 1975, the Yamot Bridge, San Vicente and Uacon Bridge were completed sometime in 1982. Barrio bridges are mostly timber-made constructed from provincial funds like the one at Pamibian, Babancal, Binabalian, Libertador and Pinagrealan.

  • COMMUNICATION FACILITIES
    • There are two (2) communication systems operating in the Municipal Building the Integrated National Police Radio Communication System in the Office of the Mayor under the Department of Interior and Local Government PDAP which is managed and operated by the government and render service 24-hours a day.Globe, Smart and Suncell communication also operates its own cell sites in the municipality.
  • TOURISM RESOURCES
    • Candelaria is bountifully endowed with tourist potentials, which when properly developed through the combined efforts of government and private individuals could substantially attract local and foreign tourist.

      Tourist potentials of Candelaria are the following: Namely fine sand dune, swimming beaches, Potipot Island, Cawayan Cave, Sto. Niño Cave and Balin Buaya.

      “POLO BALA” is an island coral reef west of Libertador Beach, it is good for skin-diving and picnicking, which is only an hour motor banca ride from the beach.